What is SLAP Lesion Repair ?
A SLAP lesion, also known as a SLAP tear, is an injury to the labrum of the shoulder joint. The term "SLAP" stands for Superior Labrum Anterior and Posterior, which indicates the specific location of the labral tear within the shoulder joint. The labrum is a ring of cartilage that surrounds the socket (glenoid) of the shoulder joint, providing stability and cushioning.
A SLAP lesion occurs when there is damage or detachment of the upper portion of the labrum where the biceps tendon attaches.
This can happen due to various reasons, including:
Trauma: A direct blow to the shoulder or a fall onto an outstretched arm can cause a SLAP tear.
Repetitive overhead motions, common in activities like throwing, pitching, or weightlifting, can lead to gradual wear and tear on the labrum, potentially resulting in a SLAP lesion.
As individuals age, the labrum may become more susceptible to degenerative changes, making it more prone to tearing.
Certain sports or occupations that require frequent and forceful overhead movements can increase the risk of SLAP lesions.
Symptoms of a SLAP lesion can vary but often include:
Deep shoulder pain, especially when lifting or reaching overhead.
A sense of instability or "catching" in the shoulder joint.
Weakness or decreased range of motion in the shoulder.
Popping or clicking sensations with shoulder movement.